Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD in Business Policy, Department of Business Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Business Management Department, Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, Gilan University, Gilan, Iran


The main purpose of this research is to identify and develop a model for responsible strategies of companies with the meta-synthesis method. The present study is developmental in terms of purpose, qualitative in terms of data nature, and terms of data collection is a documentary meta-synthesis. For this purpose, after going through the steps of this method and analyzing the articles, 68 articles were examined and 594 primary codes were extracted. Thematic analysis techniques were used in the analysis phase of the findings. Finally, after analyzing all the articles, 10 concepts, and 29 secondary codes were extracted. These concepts include macro-level antecedents, organization-level antecedents, responsible strategic orientation, integrated responsible corporate governance, regulatory strategies, comprehensive strategies(as content and contextual concepts of strategy); implementation drivers, institutionalization components (as process concepts), and finally internal and external consequences. In the identified model of responsible strategies, the existence of a responsible corporate governance system plays a central role in the strategic choices of companies and the balancing of responsible orientations, which can ultimately achieve synergy value through the correct and optimal implementation of these strategies.


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