Principles of Transparency

Statement of the best workflow and prevention of publishing violations
The Coupon Code Set for Magazine Editors is designed to create a set of minimum standards that all Coup members are expected to follow. The best guidelines are very popular, and were created in response to a request for guidance from editors on a wide and growing range of complex ethical issues. Although Kopp expects all members to follow the rules of magazine editors (and deals with complaints about members who have not followed it), we have found that editors may be able to follow all of the best practice recommendations (which is why they are voluntary). They do not, but we hope our suggestions will help identify those journal policies and practices that need to be reviewed and discussed.
In this combined version of the documents, a set of mandatory rules for the standards of journal editors is written in regular texts with numbered articles.

1 General duties and responsibilities of the editor
1-1 The editor must be held accountable for any material published in his journal.
That means the editor must
1-2 Strive to meet the needs of readers and writers;
1-3 strive for continuous improvement of your publication;
Have approaches to ensure the quality of the content it publishes;
1-5 is a defender of freedom of expression;
1-6 to maintain the accuracy and integrity of academic records;
1-7 to meet job needs through the compatibility of rational and moral standards;
1-8 Always be eager to print corrections, clarifications, apologies and apologies when needed.
Best performance for editors can include:

    Actively seek the views of writers, readers, editors, and editorial staff on ways to improve their journal approaches;
    Encourage and be aware of research related to review and publication and re-evaluate your journal's approaches in the light of new findings;
    Efforts to persuade publishers to provide appropriate resources and guidance from experts (eg designers and lawyers);
    Supporting initiatives designed to reduce research and dissemination problems;
    Supporting initiatives designed to teach research ethics to researchers;
    Assess the effects of the journal policy on author and browser behavior and revise policies when necessary to strengthen accountability and reduce behavioral problems;
    Ensure that any material published by the publication reflects the message of the article and includes it in the text.

2 Communication with readers
2.1 Readers should be aware of the sponsors or conduct of the research and know whether the sponsors played a role in the research and publication, and if so, what role they did.
Best performance for editors will include:

    Ensure that published reports and research reviews are performed by qualified browsers (including statistical review where necessary);
    Ensure that unreviewed sections of the journal are clearly identified;
    Adopt approaches that enhance the accuracy, comprehensiveness, and clarity of research reports, including technical editing and the use of appropriate guidelines and checklists;
    Paying attention to improving the transparency policy to strengthen maximum transparency about the origin of non-research articles;
    Adopt systems of authorship or participation that promote good performance (for example, so that cataloging accurately shows who did the work) and reduce problems (such as ghost and guest writers).
    Reassure readers that the writings of the journal or editorial staff will be evaluated impartially.

3 Communication with authors
3.1 The editor's decision to accept or reject an article should be based on the importance, originality and clarity of the article, the validity of the study and its relevance to the aims of the journal.
3.2 The editor should not change his mind about accepting the posts unless he has serious problems with the post.
3.3 The new editor should not change the previous editor's decisions regarding the publication of posts, unless serious problems are identified.
3-4 Descriptions of re-evaluation approaches should be published and the editor should be prepared to justify any major deviations from the described approaches.
3.5 Publications should define a mechanism by which authors can rely on editors' decisions.
3.6 The editor should publish his expectations of the author in the form of guidelines. These guidelines should be regularly updated and referenced or linked to this code.
3.7 The editor shall provide guidance on the criteria required for authorship or who as a partner should comply with such standards.
Best performance for editors will include:

    Regularly review the author's comments and provide links to these guidelines;
    Disseminate related conflicting interests to all partners and publish amendments if conflicting interests are identified after publication;
    Ensure that text browsers are properly selected (for example, people who are able to browse content and are free from conflicting interests);
    Respect for the authors' requests that no one have the right to review their writing if it is acceptable and enforceable;
    In cases where the author is suspected of having problems or disputes, refer to the Cope guidelines;
    Print details on how to resolve suspicious issues (e.g. linking to Coupe's guide) ‌;
    Print the date of writings and accept articles.


4 Communication with browsers
4.1 The editor should provide his / her expectations of the browser, including the use of the content provided for assurance, in the form of instructions. This guideline should be regularly updated and referenced or linked to this code.
4.2 Editors should have browsers available for any potentially conflicting benefits before submitting a written review.
4.3 The editor should have a system in place to ensure that browser diagnoses are safe, unless they have an obvious review that authors and browsers are aware of.
Best performance for editors will include:

    Encourage browsers to challenge ethical and potential research questions and problems with publishing posts (e.g., unethical research design, insufficient information to satisfy or support research topics (including animals), misuse and misrepresentation of information) ;
    Encourage browsers to challenge the authenticity of writings and awareness of publishing content with plagiarism;
    Provide browsers with the necessary equipment to identify related publications (for example, linking to cited sources and searching book catalogs);
    Communicate browser comments to authors in full, unless the comments are offensive or defamatory;
    Ensure browsers cooperate with the publication;
    Encourage academic institutions to adopt review activities as a research approach;
    Review the performance of browsers and take steps to ensure its high standard;
    Develop and maintain a proper browser database and update it based on browser performance;
    Do not use browsers that often have fast, poor quality or delayed browsing;
    Ensure that the browser database reflects their community in the publication and add new browsers as needed;
    Use a wide range of resources (not just personal audiences) to identify potential new browsers (e.g., author suggestions, book list database);
    Follow the coupe routine in cases where browser performance is impaired.


5 Communication with editorial board members
5.1 The editor shall consider the members of the new editorial board and provide them with guidance based on their expectations and keep the members up to date in accordance with new policies and developments.
Best performance for editors will include:

    Have the necessary policy to manage the writing of editorial staff to ensure that the review is impartial;
    Identify competent editorial board members who are actively involved in the development and good management of the journal;
    Regular review of the composition of the editorial board;
    Provide clear guidance to editorial staff on expected plans and tasks, which may include:

        Activity as an executive member of the magazine

    Support and promotion of the publication
    Search for the best authors and the best works (for example from leak abstracts) and actively strengthen the writings
    Edit posts for the publication
    Accept responsibility for editing, reviewing and commenting on articles in your field
    Join and participate in editorial board meetings
    Periodically consult with editorial staff (for example, annually) to review comments about the journal's management, inform them of any changes in the journal's policy, and identify challenges ahead.


6 Communication with the owners and publishers of the magazine
6.1 The editor's relationship with the publisher and the publisher is often complex, but should be based primarily on the principles of editorial freedom.
6.2 The editor must decide on the publication of articles based on the quality and appropriateness of the articles with the journal and without the intervention of the owner or publisher of the journal.
6.3 The editor must have a written contract stating his relationship with the owner or publisher of the publication.
6-4 The provisions of this contract must be in line with the set of coupon rules for the editors of the publication.
The best performance for the editor will include:

    Establish mechanisms to resolve disputes between yourself and the owner or publisher of the publication through legal formalities;
    Stay in touch with the owner and publisher of your publication.

7 Editing and Review Approaches
7.1 The editor must ensure that the review of his publication is fair, impartial and timely.
7.2 The editor should have a system in place to ensure that the material presented in the journal remains confidential during the review.
The best performance for the editor will include:

    Ensure that editorial staff (including themselves) have adequate training and benefit from the latest guidance, advice and evidence on journal review and management;
    Awareness of research on technological reviews and advances;
    Adopting the most appropriate review methods for the journal and its research association;
    Review periods of review practices for possible improvement;
    Refer problematic issues to the coupe, especially when questions are raised that are not answered in the coupe process, or if there are new issues with the publication;
    Having a hearing with a judge to adjudicate on complaints that they have not been able to resolve.


8 quality assurance
8.1 The editor should take reasonable steps to ensure the quality of the material he publishes, given that publications and sections within publications will have different goals and standards.
The best performance for the editor will include:

    Having a system for identifying incorrect information (for example, photographs that have not been used in the right place or stolen text) when speculation arises;
    Decisions about page layout are based on evidence of factors that enhance the quality of reports, rather than on aesthetic reasons or personal preference.

9 Protection of personal information
9-1 The editor must follow the principles of confidentiality in his judgments. Regardless of domestic law, they must always keep the information of individuals obtained during research or professional interactions confidential (for example, between doctor and patient). Therefore, it is always necessary to obtain written consent for publication from individuals who may be known or identified by others (for example, in the form of reports or photographs).
The best performance for the editor will include:

    Publish your policy on printing personal information (eg personal information or images) and explain it in full to the author;
    Note that consent to participate in research or related matters is not the same as consent to the dissemination of personal information, images or citations.


10 Encourage ethics (e.g., research involving humans and animals)
10.1 The editor should ensure that the research he publishes is based on internationally accepted ethical guidelines (eg Declaration of Helsinki for clinical research and AERA and BERA guidelines for academic research).
10.2 The editor should ensure that all investigations are approved by the existing competent body (for example, the ethics research committee). However, the editor should be aware that such confirmations do not guarantee the ethics of the research.
The best performance for the editor will include:

    Willingness to seek evidence of ethical validation of research and to ask authors about ethical aspects (such as how to obtain participant consent or the method used to minimize animal harm) in the event of concerns or the need for transparency;
    Ensure that clinical trial reports are based on the Declaration of Helsinki, Good Clinical Practice and other guidelines for participant safety;
    Ensure that reports of animal experiments or studies are in line with World Health Organization and Human Services guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals or other related guidelines;
    Appoint a journal advisor or ethics board to consult on specific matters and review journal policy cycles.


11 Dealing with possible violations
11-1 The editor is obliged to take action in case of any violations or signs of violations. This task includes published and unpublished articles.
11.2 The editor should not simply dismiss articles that are suspected of being infringing. He must pursue such cases morally.
11-3 The editor should follow the coupe routine wherever possible.
11-4 First, the editor should look for an answer to the suspected violations. If no satisfactory answer is found, staff, the institution or some competent person should be considered.
11.5 The Editor should make every effort to ensure that the violation is properly investigated; If this does not happen, the editor should do his best to find a solution to the problem. These are difficult but important tasks.

12 Ensure the accuracy of academic records
12.1 Errors or omissions in writing should be corrected promptly according to the degree of importance.
12.2 The editor should use coupe guidelines in correcting errors.
The best performance for the editor will include:

    Move to reduce satire hidden in print (for example, all clinical cases must be recorded);
    Ensure that printed material is archived securely (for example, permanent repositories such as PubMed Central);
    Having a system to give authors the opportunity to freely submit research papers.


13 intellectual property
13.1 The editor should be aware of the issue of intellectual property and work with his publisher to manage the ability to violate intellectual property laws and obligations.
The best performance for the editor will include:

    Adopt a system to detect plagiarism (for example, software for searching for similar titles); Articles submitted (normally or when dealing with suspicious cases);
    Protecting authors who have not been copyrighted or who have been victims of plagiarism;
    Be prepared to work with the publisher to defend copyright and prosecute intruders (for example, by requesting retrieval or removal from websites) regardless of whether the publication respects copyright or not.

14 Encourage discussion
14-1 The editor should be encouraged and eager to address persuasive critiques of the work he publishes in the journal.
14-2 The author of the criticized article should be given the opportunity to respond.
14-3 Negative results should not be ignored from the study of the work report.
The best performance for the editor will include:

    It challenges the freedom of action to investigate cases where the material published in the journal.


15 complaints
15-1 The editor should deal with complaints promptly and be aware that unresolved grievances will lead to more grievances. This mechanism and how to refer unresolved issues to Koop should be clarified in the journal.
15.2 The Editor shall follow the procedure set out in the Coup Procedure for Complaints.

16 Economic considerations
16.1 Publications should have a policy and system to ensure that economic considerations do not interfere with editorial decisions (for example, the advertising department should act independently of the editorial department).
16.2 The editor should have a clear advertising policy regarding the content of the publication and the approaches required for sponsorship.
The best performance for the editor will include:

    Print a general description of the journal's source of revenue (for example, revenue share from advertising, sales, sponsorship requirements, etc.);
    Ensure that the review sponsorship procedure is the same as the publication itself;
    Ensure that sponsorship items are intended solely on the basis of academic competence and attractiveness to readers, and that decisions about these requirements do not interfere with business considerations.

17 Conflict of interest
17.1 The editor should have a system for managing the conflict of interest, as well as staff, writers, judges, and editorial staff.
17.2 Publications should have a clear procedure for resolving writing by editors, staff, or editorial staff to ensure that the review is impartial.
The best performance for the editor will include:

    Print a list of common interests (financial, academic or otherwise) of editorial staff and editorial staff (to be updated annually).