Solidarity is a process whereby countries that are behind the technology front line, compensate for their technological divide with advanced countries and can compete with those countries in market share. In the process of solidarity, different countries have taken different paths, some leading to success and some leading to failure. Therefore, a proper strategy and framework and an appropriate level of technological capability and absorption capacity are essential. Given the extensive literature and the lack of a framework for consistency, the purpose of this study was to derive a framework based on a systematic review of articles and analyze them based on the hyperbolic method and data theory. The framework was extracted from the study of 90 articles published by 2018 in the field of management and business in the Q1 and Q2 scopes of JSC Scopus or JCR to finally provide a framework for technological catch up. This framework has provided a paradigmatic model based on the data process of the foundation and combined with previous research. Finally, three general approaches for consistency including independence, cooperation and participation were introduced and each of the 6 paradigm model categories was explained for these three approaches. In addition to the paradigmatic model, the results of this study have identified the literature gap < span dir="RTL">.


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