Given the strategy of performance improvement, the present study aims to identify the effective dimensions on designing a strategic human resource management with a high performance work system (HPWS) approach for the knowledge-based organizations. For this purpose, in this developmental- applied research, first a comprehensive study of literature on HPWS for learning the effective concepts was conducted. Then the proposed indicators in the previous studies was counted from which 307 dimensions were identified and after excluding the repeated ones and And merge similar items,33 dimensions were elicited. Then, using the Delphi technique, it was agreed among the members of the university elite panels and the experts of Knowledge based Companies. and by excluding 4 dimensions and including 3 new ones to adjust them to knowledge-based companies' characteristics, at last 32 dimensions were confirmed by the panel as final ones for strategic human resources management with a HPWS approach. The findings showed that from Delphi panels' viewpoint on HPWS, the »supportive management « has the greatest influence on HPWS in the knowledge- based companies.


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