In order to evaluate and select the appropriate knowledge management strategy, ‎a lot of organizational factors must be considered. On the other hand, in the ‎approach of dynamic knowledge management strategy; the processes of creation ‎and transferring of knowledge have direct effects on the selected strategies. The ‎human-oriented and system-oriented approaches of knowledge management ‎strategy are essentially different and need different infrastructures, methods and ‎tools. In this research, the related literature about developing knowledge ‎management strategy has been reviewed. The effective factors on knowledge ‎management strategy have been extracted from different conceptual ‎frameworks, models and methods. Then a comprehensive methodology for ‎developing knowledge management strategy has been presented.‎
The factors of this methodology, which have direct effects on the final ‎chosen strategy, include: general business strategy, organizational structure, ‎cultural factors and knowledge creation process in knowledge intensive area ‎of the organization. Also in this methodology, the interrelated effect of ‎information technology strategy and human resource strategy on the ‎knowledge management strategy is considered and the final strategy is ‎shown ranging from human oriented approach to system oriented approach. ‎The elements of this methodology have been validated in the form of the ‎research hypothesis by asking the viewpoints of experts and all of them have ‎been accepted. Three companies have used this methodology for developing ‎