Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Management, Faculty of Administrative Sciences and Economics, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of management, University of Isfahan

3 Department of management, Faculty of administrative sciencess and economics,, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.


The research was conducted with the aim of designing a shared leadership model for knowledge-based work teams in Iran. In terms of purpose, the research is applied, and in terms of method, this research is mixed method by qualitative (grounded theory) and quantitative (survey). 15 experts was interviewed by semi-structure method and the Strauss and Corbin’s method was used in three stages (open, axial and selective coding) with Atlas.ti 8 software. The results showed that three categories including predictive factors of team members' individual characteristics, organizational characteristics, and extra-organizational characteristics have impact on shared leadership strategies, and leadership development in knowledge-based teams leads to individual, team, and organizational outcomes. The statistical population was specialists and experts in knowledge-based teams. The research tool was a questionnaire designed based on the model, which was distributed among 100 work teams (490 people) by stratified random method. Structural equation modeling(SEM) with Amos software was analyzed. The results showed that causal conditions (0.45) and contextual factors (0.37) have a positive and significant effect on shared leadership. Intervening conditions (0.19) have a positive and significant impact on shared leadership, and shared leadership as the core phenomenon ( 0.85) has a positive and significant effect on shared leadership strategies and strategies with coefficient of 0.95 have effect on consequences of shared leadership.