Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD in International Marketing, Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences, Al-Zahra University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Management, Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences, Al-Zahra University, Tehran, Iran

3 PhD student in Marketing Management, Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences, Al-Zahra University, Tehran, Iran


Saffron is a food product with a comparative advantage in the country. This product needs a competitive advantage in the export markets to achieve its valuable position. The problem is that this export commodity with production advantage in a water-scarce country is mostly exported with the least added value to countries such as Spain through indirect exports and under the private label branding of distributors and there it is re-exported to other countries with new packaging and higher prices. With climate change and the increasing tendency of consumers to organic products, it is necessary to study and formulate the saffron export marketing strategy with a green marketing orientation.
Systematic review method has been used for extensive study of domestic and foreign researches to identify the dimensions of the export marketing strategy with a green orientation. With an exploratory sequential mix method, content and theme analysis has been used through interviews with industry and academic experts in the qualitative phase. In the quantitative phase of the research, Fuzzy Dematel techniques and interpretive structural equation modeling have been used to formulate the export strategy.
The result shows that the use of dimensions such as firm characteristics, analysis of saffron industry and market in domestic and export target markets, identification of the company's export capabilities and green capabilities along with a marketing mixed program is recommended to leading export companies in the Iranian saffron industry.


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