Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. student of business administration, policy orientation, Gilan University, Rasht, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Management, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Business Administration, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Gilan University, Rasht, Iran


The purpose of this study is to explain and identify the components affecting the sustainability of human resources in family businesses. The present research is mixed in terms of development-applied purpose, in terms of exploratory nature and in terms of data collection. The statistical sample of the qualitative stage includes 18 managers and founders of family businesses with a history of more than 30 years in the provinces of Kermanshah, Kurdistan and West Azerbaijan. The statistical population consists of a small number of 864 entrepreneurs and small and medium business managers located in the industrial towns of West Azerbaijan, Kurdistan and Kermanshah provinces, from which 200 people were selected by simple random sampling. The data collection tool is a semi-structured interview in the qualitative stage and a questionnaire extracted from the qualitative model in the quantitative stage. For qualitative data analysis, Brown and Clark (2006) six-step content analysis method and MAXQDA10 software and for quantitative data analysis, structural equation modeling method and SmartPLS software were used. The results showed that, among the identified components affecting the sustainability of human resources in family businesses, the components of maintaining family integrity, family organizational culture and balanced systems between work and life had the most impact.


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