This paper aims to identify effective networking human resource practices for managers and its effects on firm performance by analyzing strategic flexibility and environmental condition. Also, this paper has been completed based on a combinational approach and an expletory- explanation study. Data gathering tools in first step was semi structure interviews with 12 human resource managers in digital industry firms and leather industry. Purposive sampling and a thematic analysis conducted to identify networking human resource practices. At the second step 29 questions questionnaire used for measuring relationship among variables. Statistical population in quantitative step consist of 810 managers and supervisors of considered companies. Statistical sample were selected for each class according to random access method. Based on the results of thematic analyses, the most effective networking human resources practices were detected as training and learning, talent management, performance evaluation, financial and non-financial incentives. Results of structural modeling confirmed the effect of considered theme on strategic flexibility and firm performance. Other findings indicated that by using these practices in firms with environmental turbulence and via increasing strategies flexibility firm performance are affected indirectly.  Focusing  on  these practices in firms with environmental sustainability, improve performance directly by committing on existing strategies. Comparing result between firms confirm the moderate role of environmental condition in research model.


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